The Denomination Effect On Spending Through Experimental Approach

  • Bambang Juanda Bogor Agricultural University
Keywords: denomination, spending, laboratory study, field study


This paper discusses the denomination effect on shopping decisions in a more realistic
spending scenario with various types of goods and relatively adequate denominations,
including the specimen of IDR 200,000 banknote which was being investigated, in
2015, to be printed by Bank Indonesia, and some other factors affecting spending. This
research used an experimental design in a laboratory study and quasi-experimental
design in a field study. In the field study, the denomination of IDR 200,000 was
represented by using two pieces of the existing IDR 100,000 banknote, considered
as a single IDR 200,000 banknote. Therefore, if it was used for shopping, both two
banknotes of IDR 100,000 must be given to the seller even though the price of the
purchased goods was below IDR 100,000.
This research showed consistent results between the laboratory and field studies, which
can be summarized as follows: (1) total spending is not significantly different when
using large or small denominations; (2) total expenditure is greater for consumers with
low self-control; and (3) the large denomination is very influential for goods with high
price, especially during unplanned shopping. This result implies the need for larger
denominations for regions with high priced goods.


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How to Cite
Juanda, B. (2018). The Denomination Effect On Spending Through Experimental Approach. Buletin Ekonomi Moneter Dan Perbankan, 20(4), 493-528.